.
 
 
No. Name No. Name
       
1. Blood Pressure 5. Peripheral Vascular Disease
       
2. Cholesterol 6. Stress
       
3. Diabetes 7. Stroke
       
4. Obesity 8. Vascular Diseases
       
 
     
 
Overview (Diabetes):
 
Diabetes is a disease in the body, which does not produce or appropriately use Insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is required to change sugar, starches and other food into energy much needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be unknown, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play important roles.

In order to determine whether or not a patient has pre-diabetes or diabetes, health care providers carry out a Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG) or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Either test can be used to diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes.

With the FPG test, a fasting blood glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl signals pre-diabetes. A person with a fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dl or higher has diabetes.

In the OGTT test, a person's blood glucose level is measured after a fast and two hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage. If the two-hour blood glucose level is between 140 and 199 mg/dl, the person tested has pre-diabetes. If the two-hour blood glucose level is at 200 mg/dl or higher, the person tested has diabetes.

Major Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes
Results from the body's failure to produce insulin, the hormone that "unlocks" the cells of the body, allowing glucose to get in and fuel them.

Type 2 diabetes
Results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency.

Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant.

Pre-diabetes
Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms :
Often diabetes goes undiagnosed because many of its symptoms appear so harmless. Recent studies indicate that the early detection of diabetes symptoms and treatment can reduce the chance of developing the complications of diabetes.

Some diabetes symptoms include:
  » Frequent urination
  » Excessive thirst
  » Extreme hunger
  » Unusual weight loss
  » Increased fatigue
  » Irritability
  » Blurry vision

 
Treatments (Diabetes):
 

There are several aspects in the treatment of diabetes, each one with a very important role.

The mainstays of treatment are:
  » Working towards obtaining ideal body weight
  » Following a diabetic diet
  » Regular exercise
  » Diabetic medication if needed

Note: Type 1 Diabetes should be treated with insulin. This involves injecting insulin under the skin for it to work. Insulin cannot be taken as a pill because the digestive juices in the stomach would destroy the insulin before it could start working. Scientists are looking out for new ways to give insulin. But today, shots are the only method. There are, however, new methods to give the shots...Insulin Pumps are nowadays widely used, and many people are having splendid results.

Working towards obtaining ideal body weight
An estimate of ideal body weight can be calculated using this formula:

For women: Start with 100 pounds for 5 feet tall. Add 5 pounds for every inch over 5 feet. (If one is less than 5 feet, subtract 5 pounds for each inch less than 5 feet). This will give an ideal weight idea. If one has a large frame, add 10 percent. If one has a small frame, subtract 10 percent. (A good way to decide the frame size is to look at the wrist size comparing with other women's)

Example: a woman who is 5' 4" tall and has a large frame.

100 pounds + 20 pounds (4 inches times 5 pounds per inch) =120 pounds.

Add 10% for large frame (in this case 10% of 120 pounds is 12 pounds).

120 pounds + 12 pounds = 142 pounds ideal body weight.

For men: Start with 106 pounds for a height of 5 foot. Add 6 pounds for every inch above 5 foot. For a large frame, add 10%. For a small frame, subtract 10 percent. (See above for further details).
 
Although we have attempted to provide you with the causes, diagnosis, remedies, and treatments for the above mentioned diseases. We suggest you to consult your personal physician by providing your medical history for getting information for any of these diseases.
 

 
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